Paul and Human Rights

Paul and human rights.
Apostle Paul and human rights is an interesting topic. During hisministry, there wa slavery among the Romans. Romans took blacks as their slaves. This is highly reflected from the book of Philemon who was a master of Onesimus. The primary purpose of Paul from the book of Philemon, was to reveal Christs love for us in what he did for us before God in pleading our case, and to demonstrate the practical purpose, brotherly love. His teaching are so useful to eradicate all forms of slavery in the contemporary world. Therefore this essay seeks to demonstrate Paul and human rights with a specific book to Philemon.

Human rightscan be defined as autonomies which are inherent to every human being. Everyone cherishes to enjoy all human rights in the society. Human rights are entitlements to everyone, regardless of sex, nationality, religion, colour, language.Humankind is entitled to our human rights without discrimination. From a biblical perspective human rights are a gift from God. Paul assumed that all human beings are equal because they are from God regardless of being a master or a slave, father or a son, Jew or Greek, everyone is equal before God. However, different societies have different perspectives toward human rights. In patriarchal societies for instanc the father has full control over the family, he has got final say. Thus a brief explanation of human rights.

Paul is one of the apostles, but not among the twelve. He is well known of his status as a Jew and a roman citizen. Paul became a Christian in his way to Damascus, he confronted by the Holy Spirit and made him to change his mind of church persecuting and become one of the church. He started his ministry as a minister to the gentiles. During his ministry there was exploitation of blacks as slaves by romans. The relationship was so deadly like that one of an enemy. Slaves were treated more than enemies. Human rights violations was a challenge to Paul, made him to fight injustices through his epistles.

Paul mentions clearly the state of slavery in the epistle to Philemon. Philemon v11 says which in time past was unprofitable, but now profitable thee and to me. The servant Onesimus run away and seized after same ill treatment. He made his way to Rome where he expected his identity and past life to be swallowed by the great metropolis. One day he chanced a gathering where he encountered Paul preaching. There he heard the gospel of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit regenerated him. Then he managed to tell his story to Paul that he was a servant of Philemon one of the bishops, then Paul sent him back with accompanying letter for reconciliation.

Apostle Pauls primary purpose was to review Christs love for us in what he did for us before God in pleading our case. Philemon 18 says, if he wronged you or owe you ought, put that on my account. If Christ agreed to take our place and to have all of our sins on him 2 Corinthians 5:12 for he hath made him to be sin for us. He took our place in death and place us to life. In the same way Paul try do demonstrate Christ love to Philemon to believe that all of the enmity which was between him and his servant was no more because theyre all in Christ. Infect the letter was to change Philemons sight toward Onesimus, the one who was a servant before is now receive as an apostle Paul verse 17 of Philemon says if thou counted thee a partner , receive him as myself. Therefore all sorts of slavery among people should not continue to exist if they are in Christ.

The practical purpose was to teach brotherly love. Paul spoke in other prison epistles the relationships of masters and servants. To Philemon he demonstrates how brotherly love does. These man belonging to two different classes in the Roman Empire, hating each other and hurting each other are now brothers in Christ. That one who was taken as a slave is now taken as a brother. The contemporary world should also treat those who were slaves, like their brothers in Christ not as slaves. All sorts of slavery should abolished and respecting each other as human rights should be a mandate for everyone.

In conclusion, the above essays is summing up a brief background of black slavery among Romans. In relationship with Apostle Pauls reaction toward the issue of human rights above by slave owners. Paul seeking to demonstrate the love of Christ as well as brotherly love among Cristian communities, so as to eradicate ill treatments to slaves.

Religion and Ethics

Religion and ethics are two twins that cannot be separated in the real life. Where there is religion there is execution of morality. Where there is execution of morality there is a strong belief in the validity of norms and values to be followed, any belief that means fulfilment of religion. Where there is no belief there is no religion. Every human being found in any belief is capable of following some practices leading to the execution of morality. For example, one is capable of confessing your beliefs, cultural dressing, practicing some rituals, meditation, all of these leads to the execution of morality.

Behind morality there is religion. Religion is a sense of belief found in a society, individual, or people of different interests that there is an ultimate reality. Someone says God is law. There is a sense of Law in every individual, no matter you do not believe but, alongside your unbelief there are some certain moral conducts, it means you have a Ggod. We can talk of major religious groups that we know like Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Hinduism, yes they are all religions but we have some who do not adhere to any of them but they are governed by certain norms and values, thereby they have a god. Therefore there is a strong link between ethics and religion, thus leading to the execution of morality

Ethics are moral conduct which govern human behaviors. At the heart of ethics there must be concern for other or something other than ourselves but the concern about the society. Ethics is not execution of morality alone but goodness of the individual as well as what is to live well. At its simplest, ethics is a system of moral principles. They affect how people make decisions and lead their lives. Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy. According to Dostoevsky (1990) if God does not exist, everything is permitted. Therefore where ever there is execution of morality there is religion.

When talking of religious practices to the execution of morality, we can talk of rituals as a practice. Rituals are ceremonies that are performed in a customary way, sequences of repeatable acts, called rites, performed by ways of specific methodology adhering to certain occasions. In Christianity, practices may include baptism, Eucharist .From these practices a person who is supposed to the Eucharist is supposed to be upright in the Christian society. A person should not be caught breaking Christian doctrines. In Judaism no one who do not abide by the ten commandment is allowed to visit holy places. In Hinduism there are Hindu practice like puja (worshiping), dharma (meditation), someone leave their social world and material possessions, then engage in lifelong Sannyasa (monastic practices) to archive Morksha.Therefore thus religious practices execute morality.
Confession is another practice that leads to the execution of morality. Confession is when one is admitting of a crime, or a statement setting out essentials religious doctrines that one believes. There is what is called deathbed confessions, is an admittance or confession when someone is near death, on their deathbed. This confessions may help to alleviate any guilty, regrets, secrets, or sins the dying person may have had in their life time. Besides religious confessions human life is full of confessions, when one admitting a crime in a court, when one visits a foreign country (you confess about your country).Every confession shows what a person believes. Every confession guides you to a certain behavior. If it is in Christianity when a person is confessing to be a new believer, it shows that you’re committed to live a new life according to Christian doctrines, if it is in court the person is admitting to comply with court rules and most of the time in this contemporary world many courts use religious books, like bible to execute judgement. Thus how religious practice execute morality

Meditation is health, no matter you adhere to some certain beliefs, or not. Venturing into the world of meditation creates some comfort ability. Sometimes sinful people, get sanctified through meditation. If a person was driven away from moral conducts, by the moment when getting back into meditation, a person may recall the essentials of morality. We see that some people are controlled by their dreams, in the same manner through meditation a person can feel restoration of a new soul. Religious groups like Judaism, Christianity, Islam, they believe that meditation creates a platform for a human being to receive relation from God. Therefore thus how religious practices execute morality.

Conclusively, religion and ethics cannot be separated. Every human aspect is molded with ethical beliefs. Every practice that can be said of in religious practices is accompanied with morality, we can talk of rituals in religious sects it is rare to find a person accepted to do some rituals if not living according with moral expectations, confessions can leads to sanctification of an individual, or a person to change behavior and start to live according to what a person confessed. Thus the relevance of religious practices to the execution of morality

Political and Religious position towards Homosexuality in Africa

Political and religious position held towards homosexuality in contemporary Africa is something to debt. As well know, Christianity and Islam are the dominant religions in Africa at the same time African Traditional religion is something that infiltrate in every aspect of African dwellers. ThHere is are strong beliefs among these people that homosexual is inhuman, but heterosexual is permissible. However in other societies like universities and other places like major cities, some people are grasping into homosexuality. This is mainly because of western ideologies that are infiltrating into the continent through migrations. Therefore this essay seeks to analyses the political and religious position held towards homosexuality.

Firstly to understand homosexuality, is an interest and attractions of members of one’s own sex. There term gay is frequently used as a synonym for homosexual, female homosexuality is often called lesbianism. Jacques (2000) is of view that homosexuality has existed throughout history among all people and in all societies. At different times and in different cultures, homosexual has been variously approved of tolerated, punished, and banned. In some societies like Roman and Greek societies it was a common act in ancient times. Judeo-Christians as well as Muslims cultures have generally perceived homosexual behaviors as sinful. In modern time homosexuality increased due to political activists, for example we have gay rights movements. In the same manner though they are political activist trying to spread the ideology of homosexuality three is a bigger resistance in contemporary Africa because of religious and political positions held.

In the political arena, homosexuality is something that is taken as a taboo. From Chitando (2017) one of the most abiding accusation in the debate on homosexuality is that it lacks a true African flavor. Homosexuality is taken as a western ideology, as long it is from west it loses its values in the African continent. From history we all know that the continent was under colonization of the westerners, so there is a great enmity between the revolutionary government and some of the western philosophies. So in today’s politics yes some politiciansos are trying to accommodate gay family but in a negative sense that they should enjoy their freedom but with limited circumstance compared to heterosexual communities.

In some cases, gay family is seen as an evil movement that destroy nations. Shoko (2010) says that politicians call them the festering finger, endangering the body of nations. These people are no longer accommodated because they are agent of evil in the community. They are always oppressed and they fear to show them to the society. In the parliamentary family you see that they will have not even one member, so their voice is not head at all, in the constitution their rights are always oppressed. According to Shoko (2010) the is a controversy that was ignited in 1997 when the Zimbabwean government forced the closure of a fair booth by gays and lesbians of Zimbabwe International Book Fair that is continues to each. There are so may misconceptions, fears, and prejudices around homosexuality in Zimbabwe ,Zimbabwean gays and lesbians who choose to publicly admit their sexual orientations are often perceived as a threat to the morals of black African society, aping Western pervasion(GALZ,2004) Therefore these views shows a strange resistance to the movement of homosexuality.

Religious position is another belief that has a strong resistance to homosexuality. Shoko (2010) has another saying, “God want them dead, court want them jailed”. There is no any way we can talk of homosexuality in Christian and Muslim tradition as well as African Traditional Religion. These three they believe in the existence of one ultimate reality. Among Muslims is Allah, to Christians is God and to African tradition is Musikavanhu. This ultimate reality is believed to be the creator of two sexes female and male. From this belief is obvious to say that they are strict to heterosexual anything against that is evil.

Looking to the change in the society, the church is adopting some of western culture. It is evidenced in the area of dressing. This is showing that the church is going to be challenged about its attitudes towards and its treatment of homosexuality. As the church was challenged before about racism, it is key also to be challenge on the issue of homosexuality. Ellison (1987) says that the church is being challenged to accept homosexuality in the church, questions are asked, and the church is being challenged. Therefore though the religion have strong tradition to some extent if it allow penetration of western culture it is likely to be affected by homosexuality.

Conclusively, political and religious positions held towards homosexuality in contemporary Africa, is a case of conflict. Because the continent is dominated by religious groups that are interested in heterosexuality rather than homosexuality. Even if a person does is not adhere to any of the religions mentioned above, most of African people have a strong belief that everything from west is evil. However, though there is a strong belief, because of migrations the ideology is not stopping penetrating the continent.

Chitando; E. (2017).Africanizing the discourse on homosexuality: Challenges and Prospects.
Ellison; M.M. (1987).Homosexuality and Protestantism in a Sadler(Ed) Homosexuality and World Religions (pp149-179), Pennsylvania: Trinity Press International.
GALZ. (2004).unspoken facts a history of homosexuality in Africa. GALZ Harare.
Jacques; G (2000) the love that dare not speech its name: Social Work and homosexuality, In Africa, Journal Work Vol 2 no1 (2000)
Shoko; T. (2010). “Worse than dogs and pigs?” Attitudes towards Homosexual Practices in Zimbabwe.

Roman Empire and Christianity

Roman Empire was favourable to the growth of Christianity

The spread of Christianity was made a lot easier by the efficiency of the Roman Empire. Pax Romana which was roman piece, roman protection which was entitled to protect the romans, roman road which were installed for the purpose of Romans holding onto power, were some of roman efficiency which favoured the growth of the early church. But its principles were sometimes misunderstood and membership of the sect could be dangerous. Although Jesus had died, his message had not. Word of his teachings spread to Jewish communities across the empire as well as the outside territories. This was helped by energetic apostles, such as Paul and by the modern communications of the Roman Empire.

Firstly from the history of the early church it is believed that the Roman Empire which was ruling, introduced what was well known as Pax Romana. This was entitled to bring a state of piece throughout the Mediterranean world from twenty seven BC to the year two hundred after the death of Christ. Thereby Pax Romana is reported from a Latin which is Roman Piece. According to Goffart (1989) the Pax Romana is said to have been a miracle because prior to that there had never been peace for so many centuries in a given period of history. However, Walter Goffart wrote: “The volume of the Cambridge Ancient History for the years A.D. 70–192 is called ‘The Imperial Peace’, but peace is not what one finds in its pages. During the times of Christ and the Apostles, the Roman Empire was the dominant world power and they take control of all nations which they conquered, but they also allowed them certain freedoms, like the freedom to worship in their own way. The mighty empire brought a controlling power to the world, but it also brought a peace that the world had not known for some time and The Roman Empire protected and governed individual provinces and permitted each nation, a group of people, and individuals to make and administer its own laws while accepting Roman taxation and military occupation. By doing they open a way for expansion of the gospel of Christ.

As we know that apostle Paul was a roman citizen, he was rescued from the danger of Jews who were about to shorten his life due to the massage of the cross. According to Hurtado (2005), Pauline Christianity represents a sharp departure from the religiousness of Judean ‘Jesus movements. More than once he was authorities rescued from death at the hands of the Jews as “the Jews made a plot and bound themselves by an oath neither to eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. There were more than forty who made this conspiracy. They went to the chief priests and elders and said, “We have strictly bound ourselves by an oath to taste no food till we have killed Paul” (Acts 23:12-15a) so they “we are ready to kill him before he comes near” (Acts 23:15b), so the Roman tribune “called two of the centurions and said, “Get ready two hundred soldiers, with seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen to go as far as Caesarea at the third hour of the night. Also provide mounts for Paul to ride and bring him safely to Felix the governor.” And he wrote a letter to this effect” (Acts 23:23-25). If not for the Roman authorities, Paul would have surely died and the gospel might not have reached as far as he caused it to go. In this way, the Roman Empire helped to preserve, and in some cases, spread Christianity.

Furthermore, when Romans get into power they constructed roads which were well constructed and give access to different locations. From Forbes (1993) roads were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. These roads were made for soldiers to travel swiftly in order to protect roman territories allowing the army to reach quickly the troubled areas so the Roman roads were meant to help the Romans retain control over their empire, but they also served to spread the gospel because prior to this road system, there were places that were nearly impossible to cross during the rainy season when roads would either be non-existent or what roads there were because impossible. Roman engineers were among the best in the world and the Excellency of the road system they built was so remarkable that many of the original Roman roads are still being used today. These roads provided safety from bandits and harsh traveling elements but they were primarily built to expand the Roman Empire for trade and as a means to efficiently move large armies across their vast empire in order to protect the empire but also to ensure the empire would remain under Roman authority.

After Rome had conquered Judah in 66 BC, the Roman policy allowed the people to incorporate the religions of the conquered region into their own customs, so Judaism was acceptable by the Romans, up to a point, and at least in the beginning, Christianity was viewed as just another sect of Judaism, but later Rome would turn on these law-abiding Christians and murder them and torture them like no other people on the face of the planet.

For many years, the Roman Empire tolerated what they called a Jewish sect .Later on, Rome employed the policy of emperor worship and this required subjects to burn incense before an image of the emperor and declare that Caesar is Lord. Naturally, Christians refused to worship anyone but the true and only God, and there is only One God. Of course, this led to severe persecution by Roman authorities, but something was happening within Rome herself. Many began to believe and put their trust in Christ, but many of these same believers paid dearly for it, sometimes with their life. Apostle Peter’s letter to the dispersed Jews (1st Pet 1:1), he knew that many of them had been suffering a great deal for trusting in Christ (1st Pet 1:6-8). Many of them had lost all possessions, including their own homes, and had to leave their family and friends behind in fleeing Jerusalem. From Moss (2013) only for approximately ten out of the first three hundred years of the church’s history were Christians executed due to orders from a Roman emperor. All they had brought with them from Jerusalem was the gospel.

Conclusively, the empire did not intentionally spread Christianity. But unknowingly, it allowed the spread of Christianity by giving the church certain privileges, rights, and freedoms that others in the empire had as well. Even though the empire was evil, did a better job of holding down persecution. God allowed the Roman Empire to be used as a means to take the gospel to the ends of the empire and beyond. However though it persecuted the church to some extent the government open a wider way for the gospel to reach many kingdoms.

Forbes; R. J. (1993). Studies in ancient technology, Volume 2. Billups .146. ISBN 978-90-04-00622-5.
Goffart; W. (1989). Rome’s Fall and After. Hambledon Press. P.111. ISBN 978-1-85285-001-2.
Hurtado; L. (2005), Lord Jesus Christ. Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity, Eerdmans.

Reality is Spirituality


As a men grow from the infantry age,he grow both spiritually and physically. Physical interactions become the most grasped component. In the early ages he can not perceive about the spiritual life, that he is living both physical and spiritual. He can only think about the minor part of real life. Playing games, pertitions for food,living around the parents, all he wants is to be cared of because he has a less to think of. However taking to reality, both phyiscal and spiritual need to be cared for.

A man is a human being. Being  means spiritual and human means  human. That is why the bible says God created men from dusty and Be put a breath of life in him. Meaning God created us with a third part of a spirit and that is a real person. The second part is soul where there is a self-will of  a human, the lastly the vessel with is body of is the house of the unseen soul and Spirit.

In social artmosphere a human is built through interactions with the society. The way we behave, demostrate our original society. Is very rare for a child to be have like an African but grew in Asia. The way we dress, language,games, food… etc is totally different from foreign people. This comes like that because our fathers and mothers teach us to do so and we saw of behaviours take part amoung us. How ever there is a spiritual component that start to grasp understanding at the age of understanding.

Everyone has grown in a spiritual society. Every society have God is own religion of belief system, neither the might true or false but they have some sorts of religion. I grow in Africa, we have African Religions, we have Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, just to mention few of them. As long you grew in African you belong to one of the mention religion in not two. This gave me a clear picture to say that everyone is spiritual.

We have atheist, to tell you the truth they grew up from religious families. They clam that there is no spiritual world, by as doing they create there owm spiritual world, the world of unbelieve. Once some years ago another man says your unbelief is your belief therefore you are too religious on your unbelief. They have the unbelief but they have dreams, they have plan for the future, all this show some kind of faith on them, no faith exists outside of religion. Therefore they believe but in to limited spirituality.

A child need to be instructed before growing deem in the spirit. We are the exact people to teach our children to underatand the Spiritual world. We have to be sure about our spiritual lessens before drilling them in our little ones. Let them understand that they exist but more in the Spirit. They can do all things first in the Spirit.



Do you know what bibliology is? You can take it like this (biblo)from the word bible and logia(the study of), WHICH MEANS is the study of the bible. Some can define it like bibliology is the study of the word of god, it includes the study of the bible and the inerrancy of the word of God.

Let us take it like Bibliology refers to the study of the nature of the bible as a revelation. Revelation, inspiration, inerrancy, canonicity, illumination,and interpretation are the key topics often included in the study of the bible. We study the bible-believing it as the true word of God. Its canonicity is very important, as we believe that the basis of Christianity is found in the authority of scriptures, we can’t properly distinguish any theological truth from error. It is also an area of interest to find the understanding of people when saying the bible is inspired. For example, the bible on its own claims that it is inspired by God. If you read the bible, at face value,  without a preconceived bias for finding errors-you ill find it to be coherent,  consistent, and relatively easy-to-understand book, therefore it is important to the bible, does it contains errors, contradictions, or discrepancies. Another point of interest when studying the bible you need to understand is the proof of the inspiration of the bible